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Estimated Glycemic Index of American Indian/Alaska Native Foods

Below you can find a complete chart for American Indian/Alaska Native Foods with its estimated glycemic index and glycemic load ranks.

Note: GI = Glycemic Index, GL = Glycemic Load

Moose, meat, raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Mashu roots, raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Moose, liver, braised (Alaska Native)lowlow
Seal, bearded (Oogruk), meat, raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Oil, bearded seal (Oogruk) (Alaska Native)lowlow
Oopah (tunicate), whole animal (Alaska Native)lowlow
Owl, horned, flesh, raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Fish, salmon, king, chinook, smoked and canned (Alaska Native)lowlow
Fish, salmon, king, chinook, smoked, brined (Alaska Native)lowlow
Fish, salmon, king, chinook, liver (Alaska Native)lowlow
Duck, scoter, white-winged, meat (Alaska Native)lowlow
Sea cucumber, yane (Alaska Native)lowlow
Squirrel, ground, meat (Alaska Native)lowlow
Tea, tundra, herb and laborador combination (Alaska Native)lowlow
Walrus, meat, dried (Alaska Native)lowlow
Deer (venison), sitka, raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Whale, bowhead, subcutaneous fat (blubber) (Alaska Native)lowlow
Whale, bowhead, skin and subcutaneous fat (muktuk) (Alaska Native)lowlow
Oil, whale, bowhead (Alaska Native)lowlow
Fish, whitefish, broad, liver (Alaska Native)lowlow
Mush, blue corn with ash (Navajo)lowmedium
Cornmeal, blue (Navajo)highhigh
Melon, banana (Navajo)lowmedium
Chilchen (Red Berry Beverage) (Navajo)lowlow
Corn, dried (Navajo)highhigh
Squash, Indian, cooked, boiled (Navajo)lowlow
Bread, kneel down (Navajo)highmedium
Mutton, cooked, roasted (Navajo)lowlow
Frybread, made with lard (Navajo)lowmedium
Tamales (Navajo)highmedium
Stew, steamed corn (Navajo)lowhigh
Fish, halibut, raw, with skin (Alaska Native)lowlow
Fish, salmon, coho (silver), raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Blueberries, wild, raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Oil, spotted seal (Alaska Native)lowlow
Fish, salmon, red, canned, bones removed (Alaska Native)lowlow
Fish, whitefish, eggs (Alaska Native)lowlow
Caribou, rump meat, half dried (Alaska Native)lowlow
Fish, salmon, red, (sockeye), canned, smoked (Alaska Native)lowlow
Fish, salmon, red, (sockeye), kippered (Alaska Native)lowlow
Fish, salmon, king, with skin, kippered, (Alaska Native)lowlow
Fish, sheefish, raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Buffalo, free range, top round steak, raw (Shoshone Bannock)lowlow
Seal, bearded (Oogruk), meat, partially dried (Alaska Native)lowlow
Buffalo, free range, top round steak, cooked (Shoshone Bannock)lowlow
Elk, free range, roast, eye of round, raw (Shoshone Bannock)lowlow
Corn, dried, yellow (Northern Plains Indians)highhigh
Smelt, dried (Alaska Native)lowlow
Frybread, made with lard (Apache)lowlow
Corned beef and potatoes in tortilla (Apache)highmedium
Mouse nuts, roots (Alaska Native)lowlow
Mouse nuts, seedlings (Alaska Native)lowlow
Octopus (Alaska Native)lowlow
Seal, bearded (Oogruk), meat, dried (Alaska Native)lowlow
Fish, pike, northern, liver (Alaska Native)lowlow
Rhubarb, wild, leaves (Alaska Native)lowlow
Fish, salmon, tipnuk, fermented (Alaska Native)lowlow
Fish, salmon, king, chinook, kippered, canned (Alaska Native)lowlow
Seal, ringed, meat (Alaska Native)lowlow
Seal, ringed, liver (Alaska Native)lowlow
Soup, fish, homemade (Alaska Native)lowlow
Sourdock, young leaves (Alaska Native)lowlow
Walrus, meat, raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Walrus, meat and subcutaneous fat raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Walrus, liver, raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Oil, walrus (Alaska Native)lowlow
Fish, whitefish, mixed species, raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Fish, whitefish, broad, head, eyes, cheeks and soft bones (Alaska Native)lowlow
Willow, leaves in oil (Alaska Native)lowlow
Willow, young leaves, chopped (Alaska Native)lowlow
Corn, white, steamed (Navajo)highhigh
Cornmeal, white (Navajo)highhigh
Cornmeal, yellow (Navajo)highhigh
Squash, Indian, raw (Navajo)lowlow
Tortilla, includes plain and from mutton sandwich (Navajo)lowhigh
Stew, dumpling with mutton (Navajo)lowmedium
Stew, hominy with mutton (Navajo)lowmedium
Stew, mutton, corn, squash (Navajo)lowlow
Fish, salmon, sockeye (red), raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Fish, Salmon, Chum, raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Fish, salmon, king (chinook), raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Salmonberries, raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Caribou, shoulder meat, dried (Alaska Native)lowlow
Caribou, hind quarter meat, raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Seal, bearded (Oogruk), meat, dried, in oil (Alaska Native)lowlow
Fish, whitefish, dried (Alaska Native)lowlow
Seal, bearded (Oogruk), meat, low quadrant, raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Fish, salmon, chum, dried (Alaska Native)lowlow
Elk, free range, ground, cooked patties (Shoshone Bannock)lowlow
Elk, free range, ground, raw (Shoshone Bannock)lowlow
Elk, free range, roast, eye of round, cooked (Shoshone Bannock)lowlow
Chokecherries, raw, pitted (Shoshone Bannock)lowlow
Steelhead trout, dried, flesh (Shoshone Bannock)lowlow
Steelhead trout, boiled, canned (Alaska Native)lowlow
Acorn stew (Apache)lowlow
Agutuk, fish/berry with seal oil (Alaskan ice cream) (Alaska Native)lowlow
Agutuk, meat-caribou (Alaskan ice cream) (Alaska Native)mediumlow
Ascidians (tunughnak) (Alaska Native)lowlow
Whale, beluga, flipper, raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Whale, beluga, liver, raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Oil, beluga, whale (Alaska Native)lowlow
Blackberries, wild, raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Caribou, liver, raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Stew/soup, caribou (Alaska Native)lowlow
Caribou, tongue, raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Chiton, leathery, gumboots (Alaska Native)lowlow
Fish, devilfish, meat (Alaska Native)lowlow
Fireweed, young leaves, raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Fish, herring eggs on giant kelp, Pacific (Alaska Native)lowlow
Fish, herring eggs, Pacific, dry (Alaska Native)lowlow
Stew, moose (Alaska Native)lowlow
Agave, cooked (Southwest)lowmedium
Agave, dried (Southwest)highhigh
Cattail, Narrow Leaf Shoots (Northern Plains Indians)mediumlow
Lambsquarters, raw (Northern Plains Indians)mediumlow
Prairie Turnips, boiled (Northern Plains Indians)mediumlow
Raspberries, wild (Northern Plains Indians)mediumlow
Rose Hips, wild (Northern Plains Indians)mediumlow
Chokecherries, raw, pitted (Northern Plains Indians)mediumlow
Sea lion, Steller, liver (Alaska Native)lowlow
Sea lion, Steller, kidney (Alaska Native)lowlow
Sea lion, Steller, heart (Alaska Native)lowlow
Sea lion, Steller, meat (Alaska Native)lowlow
Piki bread, made from blue cornmeal (Hopi)highhigh
Wocas, tuber, cooked, Oregon, yellow pond lily (Klamath)lowlow
Stew, pinto bean and hominy, badufsuki (Hopi)lowlow
Tamales, masa and pork filling (Hopi)lowlow
Bear, black, meat (Alaska Native)lowlow
Bear, polar, meat, raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Whale, beluga, meat, dried (Alaska Native)lowlow
Whale, beluga, eyes (Alaska Native)lowlow
Whale, beluga, meat, raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Fish, blackfish, whole (Alaska Native)lowlow
Blueberries, wild, frozen (Alaska Native)lowlow
Caribou, bone marrow, raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Caribou, eye, raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Cloudberries, raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Cockles, raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Cranberries, wild, bush, raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Cranberry, low bush or lingenberry, raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Fish, herring eggs, Pacific, plain (Alaska Native)lowlow
Fish, herring, Pacific, flesh, air-dried, packed in oil (Alaska Native)lowlow
Huckleberries, raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Fish, lingcod, meat, raw (Alaska Native)lowlow
Fish, lingcod, liver (Alaska Native)lowlow
Tennis Bread, plain (Apache)highhigh
Fish, halibut, cooked, with skin (Alaska Native)lowlow
Salmon, red (sockeye), filets with skin, smoked (Alaska Native)lowlow
Agave, raw (Southwest)lowlow
Lambsquarters, steamed (Northern Plains Indians)mediumlow
Prickly pears, raw (Northern Plains Indians)mediumlow
Prickly pears, broiled (Northern Plains Indians)lowlow
Prairie Turnips, raw (Northern Plains Indians)mediumlow
Stinging Nettles, blanched (Northern Plains Indians)mediumlow
Plums, wild (Northern Plains Indians)mediumlow
Pinon Nuts, roasted (Navajo)lowlow
Caribou, hind quarter, meat, cooked (Alaska Native)lowlow
Agutuk, fish with shortening (Alaskan ice cream) (Alaska Native)mediummedium
Sea lion, Steller, meat with fat (Alaska Native)lowlow
Sea lion, Steller, fat (Alaska Native)lowlow
Wocas, dried seeds, Oregon, yellow pond lily (Klamath)highhigh
Hazelnuts, beaked (Northern Plains Indians)mediumlow
Tea, herbal, brewed, Hohoysi (Hopi)lowlow
Tortilla, blue corn, Sakwavikaviki (Hopi)lowhigh
Bread, blue corn, somiviki (Hopi)lowhigh
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